Special safety technical measures for opening cons

2022-06-24
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Special safety technical measures for opening construction of parking lot I. project overview:

according to the requirements of production tasks, the opening of 21102 return air lane on the second floor is used as the parking lot. The construction site is located at 80.45m North (horizontal distance) of G8 point of track 211 downhill as the opening center. For example, the Ni Cr al IR Fiber Reinforced Ni base alloy matrix composite can be used to manufacture sealing elements for turbines and compressors. It is excavated 8.174m along the 2# coal floor according to the orientation of 34557 ′ 50 ″ as the parking lot. In order to ensure the construction safety of the depot, the following special safety technical measures are specially formulated

II. Support method and construction section:

(1) the design determines that the trapezoidal I-steel shed is used as permanent support for the roadway, and the left side is expanded to form a parking lot by lengthening shed beams one by one according to the design. The support material is 12\i-steel for mining. Trapezoidal metal shed support, the shed beam is 12 × miner steel, the shed leg is 2.80M × miner steel, the shed distance is 0.5m, the hook plate is 464, and the material is semi round wood with a thickness of not less than 80mm. Between the sheds, 12n round steel is used as the pull rod, and high-quality miscellaneous wood is used as the back top upper plate. The insertion angle is 500mm, and the circulating footage is 500mm

(2) when the I-steel shed is supported, the I-steel shed closely follows the head-on support method is adopted. The front frame I-steel shed is more than 300mm away from the head-on support in time. If it is more than 500mm, the old shed beam is removed in time, and the I-steel shed with appropriate length is supported and processed. Replace the damaged metal. When the roof is broken, reduce the shed distance

(3) when opening, all roadways within 10m around the opening location must be reinforced.

the support shall be strengthened by setting up wood point columns at the bottom of the shed. Two wood point columns shall be set at the bottom of each shed beam, with a diameter of not less than 160mm and a spacing of mm. The column socket must be excavated to 2 × coal floor. The wood wedge at the top of the wood point column must be tightened to ensure that the column is powerful. The column shall be at a certain angle and shall not retreat from the mountain

III. support technology

1) construction sequence:

① the specific construction arrangement is to first open at 80.45m north of G8 point of track 211 downhill to the downhill direction of track 211, and excavate 8.174m along the azimuth of 2\5 coal floor at 34557 ′ 50 ″ as the parking lot

②. Safety inspection (roof, gas, project quality, probe position, etc.) → water exploration and drainage → manual air pick excavation → side knocking and roof asking → temporary support → coal extraction → replacement of shed support → finishing

2) construction steps:

excavate the left side with manual air pick, disassemble the left side support materials, excavate the left side. During the construction process, there must be a special person to monitor the top and side, extend the left side in place according to the center line, dig out the left side leg socket in time, and hold the right side leg after erecting shed beam and temporary support. Take out the left shed leg, insert it into the new column socket, find the insertion angle, and ensure that the depth of the left shed leg socket is not less than 200mm. The position conforms to the design

3) INVISTA, one of the world's largest comprehensive producers of chemical intermediates, polymers and fibers in Shanghai (November 7, 2014), announced today that the support material:

1. The 12p1 mining I-steel shed is used for support. The specification of the shed beam is one I-steel per 0.5m. According to the design angle, the length of each beam is increased to 0.13M compared with the previous one, which is expected to become the basis of the "air conditioning clothes" that enable people to keep cool without air conditioning in hot weather. The specification of shed leg is 2800mm long

2. Based on the design length of 8.174m, subtract the half lane length of 1.4m. 13 beams need to be replaced. The specifications are 2.93M, 3.06M, 3.19M, 3.32m, 3.45M, 3.58M, 3.71M, 3.84M, 3.97M, 4.1m, 4.23M, 4.36m and 4.49m

3. Back board: made of local hard miscellaneous wood, with length, width and thickness = 800 mm, 80mm and 80mm

4. Wooden wedge: made of high-quality wood, with length, width and thickness = 200 mm, 80mm and 50mm

5. Pull rod: high quality? 12 \round steel, with spiral wires on both sides not less than 100mm and 650 mm long

6: use the? ≮ it is a diamond made of 2mm cold drawn iron wire. The specification is length and width = 3.0m 1.20m, and the grid is 60mm 60mm

4) I-steel shed support process:

1. Temporary support

front probe beam is used as temporary support. The front probe beam is made of 14 channel steel, with a length of 4.0m and a spacing of 1200mm. The middle and both sides of the roadway are fixed on the I-steel beam with special fixing devices. Slide the front probe beam to the head-on position. After the I-steel shed beam is erected on the front probe beam, use a wooden wedge to tighten it. When erecting the I-steel, use a steel ruler to measure the appropriate shed beam to avoid wrong erection of the shed beam. The metal top shall be laid, and the top shall be installed and the back shall be solid. The distance from the front probe beam to the head-on end face shall not be greater than 0.3m, and the distance from the front probe beam to the end faces of the two sides shall not exceed 0.3m. The metal diamond is paved on the front detection beam, and the square timber and steel shed are directly connected to the top; When the top plate is uneven, the metal diamond shall be paved on the front detection beam, supported by steel shed, leveled with plate or square wood, and the top plate shall be connected. The specification of square timber is: length, width and thickness =280012120mm

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